In the year 2020, the world had been through a lot, Coronavirus pandemic, lockdown, blasts & whatnot. Let us take a look at the biggest health & wellness trends. From diets to specialized products, we’ve seen a variety of wellness buzzes. Dieting habits are becoming more like a fashion trend, changing in every two-three months but during the pandemic whatever diet trends people followed the primary goal was & still is to remain fit & healthy. Today, we will talk about a variety of diet trends, what nutritionist & doctors have to say & which all apps comply with your routine.
In conversation with several Nutritionists & Dietitians, when asked about peoples’ evolvement during the pandemic, we saw 3 different groups of people.
“There are 3 types of groups right now, one which is at home consuming unhealthy habits, as they are spending more & more time at home they eat whatever they want & whatever is available. Another group of people, which has become conscious about health & it is eating good food while having a balanced diet and the last group, in which people are gulping down all the processed meals but are consuming the recommended kaadas & taking immunity boosters, protein powders thinking that they will be safe from the Coronavirus but ironically it is not the case, Nutritionist Vandana Garg quoted.
Recommending a healthy diet alongside having a routine which includes exercising she sai “Immunity can be developed only by maintaining a good lifestyle, tough kaadas and immunity-boosting juices are good but with inappropriate eating habits & no exercise, these things can do no good.”
Kinds of diet? Choose according to your aim!
- Vegan Diet
The most recognised diet is this but what is vegan or veganism?
A strict vegetarian diet which does not include consumption of meat, any dairy products, eggs, honey, or any product derived from an animal. Often, people who follow veganism do not wear leather, fur, silk, or wool. Many refuse to use products that are made with animal ingredients, products that are filtered using animal parts (such as some wines, beers, and white sugars), and products that have been tested on animals.
There are many reasons why do people follow a vegan diet; it is moral, ethical & environmental.
YouTuber & Doctor Mike challenged himself with four weeks of veganism & concluded with 5 main pointers, “To follow a strict like this – planning is critical; the energy during diet was fine (normal); did not become weaker but felt a lack in willpower; lost 3 pounds but did not feel lean & lastly; there was a lot of gas & bloating in the stomach.”
Doctor Mike hardly recommends a vegan diet to his patients because it is not the only healthy option available to follow. Mike would rather advise his patients to follow a “plant-focused” diet where they would get the majority of their calories from fruits and vegetables, with reasonable amounts of fish and lighter meats.
But if you’re an animal lover & mean no harm to them, you should go for veganism.
The years 2019 & 20 saw the highest spike in the number of people turning to veganism. We are surrounded by our favourite influencers & celebs who have converted into vegans like Richa Chaddha, Sonam Kapoor, Zac Efron, Sia, Benedict Cumberbatch (named PETA’s most beautiful vegan in 2018), Miley Cyrus, well the list remains enormous.
Even actor Liam Hemsworth was a vegan before April 2020, no longer is a one due to suffering from a kidney stone.
- Paleo Diet
Typically includes lean meats, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts & seeds — food which in the past could be obtained by hunting & gathering. A paleo diet caps a food limit i.e. became that common after farming emerged (10,000 years ago) such as dairy products, legumes & grains. A natural way of eating, one that almost abandons all intake of sugar. The only sugar in this diet comes from fruit. However, abandoning sugar is not the only stipulation. Processed foods and grains are also eliminated from the Paleo diet.
The diet reasons that the human body is genetically mismatched to the modern diet that emerged with farming practices — an idea known as the discordance hypothesis. The aim of a paleo diet is to find a way back to eating that’s more like early humans era.
Farming changed what people ate by establishing dairy, grains & legumes as additional staples in the human diet. According to the hypothesis, rapid changes in diet outpaced the human body’s ability to adapt. This mismatch is believed to be a contributing factor to the prevalence of obesity, diabetes & heart disease we find in today’s era.
- Keto Diet
“Ketogenic” is a term for a low-carb diet. The idea is for you to get more calories from protein and fat than from carbohydrates. The body’s fat-burning system relies mainly on fat instead of sugar for energy. You cut back most on the carbs that are easy to digest, like sugar, soda, pastries, and white bread.
Why do people follow Keto?
People these days are more focused on losing weight, which keto diet gives. It also helps to manage certain medical conditions such as epilepsy & heart disease, certain brain diseases, and even acne, but there needs to be more research in these areas.
If your weight loss goals are more immediate, a ketogenic diet may be able to help you achieve those results & it has shown to be very effective for short-term weight loss.
Some health experts believe eating a large amount of fat and protein from animal sources can increase your risk of heart disease and certain cancers. Cutting out almost all carbohydrates, that means giving up or limiting conventionally healthy foods like fruit, whole grains and some vegetables. Very low-carbohydrate diets may also be associated with more side effects than a low-fat diet, including headaches, fatigue and bad breath.
“If you’re following keto for 15 days & suddenly you even consume a small piece of cake, it can adversely affect your body,” said Vandana.
Not only headlines have held the names of these wellness trends, but celebrity social media posts have also promoted certain diets. The keto diet, for example, praised from “Jersey Shore” star Vinny Guadagnino, which he credits for losing 50 pounds. And although they never directly reference keto. Khloe Kardashian and Vanessa Hudgens both credit their weight loss to a high fat, low carb diet.
But there is no easy way to lose weight fast without work-out or exercise. Sometimes such diet trends take advantage of people (peer pressure), women in particular who are crumbling under the pressure of unrealistic beauty standards & women who are told, to have any value they must look a certain way. The unfortunate truth about many diet trends is that they cause the body to go under starvation mode. Don’t let yourself be exploited by the advertisements promising that you will lose weight in a fast & easy way.
- Whole30 Diet
This diet aims to change the way you feel & eat in a nutritional. The 30 in the name represents days & removing all of the potentially inflammatory foods and beverages in your diet (added sugar and sweeteners, alcohol, grains, legumes, dairy, processed foods and beverages, baked goods, and junk foods) for these many days. Intake of meals made with Whole30-approved ingredients comprised of meats, seafood, veggies, and eggs is all you’ve to do.
The ones who followed the diet moulded in 6 ways, having a flawless skin; reduced dark circles; energetic-self; sleeping better; more balanced mind; feeling deflated and de-bloated.
For those who tried it, claimed that the diet changed their life & lifestyle sense.
- DASH Diet
This diet highly is promoted by the US National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to stop (or prevent) hypertension/ high blood pressure. It emphasizes the foods you’ve always been told to eat (fruits, veggies, whole grains, lean protein and low-fat dairy), which are high in blood pressure-deflating nutrients like potassium, calcium, protein and fibre. DASH also discourages foods that are high in saturated fat, such as fatty meats, full-fat dairy foods and tropical oils, as well as sugar-sweetened beverages and sweets. Following DASH also means capping salt at 2,300 milligrams a day, which followers will eventually lower to about 1,500 milligrams.
It also helps to reduce LDL (“bad”) cholesterol and lowers the risk of stroke and heart disease. DASH diet may cause weight loss though it was not designed to (can be a positive aspect for some)
- Mediterranean diet
Incorporates the traditional healthy living habits of people from countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea, including France, Greece, Italy and Spain. Varies from country to country. It’s high in vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts, beans, cereals, grains, fish, and unsaturated fats such as olive oil & a low intake of meat and dairy foods.
To have a healthy heart one can benefit from this diet. Its main components include
- Daily consumption of vegetables, fruits, whole grains and healthy fats.
- Weekly intake of fish, poultry, beans and eggs
- Moderate portions of dairy product
- Minimal intake of red meat
Drinking a glass of wine & having spent time with friends & family is what one can additionally do beyond the diet.
Plant-based, not meat-based
The base of the Mediterranean diet is vegetables, fruits, herbs, nuts, beans and whole grains. Meals are built around these plant-based foods. Moderate amounts of dairy, poultry and eggs are also central to the Mediterranean Diet, as is seafood. In contrast, red meat is eaten only occasionally. Aim for 7 to 10 servings a day of fruit and vegetables.
We hope now you have a clearer view of which diet trend you should follow according to your needs and also, that we helped you in answering your questions and doubts.